Zero-Emission Vehicle Program

The California Governor’s Office of Business and Economic Development (GO-Biz) Zero-Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Infrastructure Unit works to accelerate the deployment of ZEV infrastructure in pursuit of Governor Brown’s goal of 1.5 million ZEVs on California’s roads by 2025. While our state has made considerable progress deploying ZEV infrastructure, more remains to be done to increase consumer confidence in the expanding network.

Massive ZEV adoption is essential for California to meet health-based air quality requirements and climate-driven greenhouse gas emission reduction targets in the coming decades. ZEVs, which include Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEVs) and hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs), share two fundamental attributes: they are electric drive vehicles with zero tailpipe emissions. PEVs store electricity on-board in batteries while FCEVs generate electricity on-board using hydrogen and fuel cells.

ZEV success depends on a robust fueling infrastructure throughout California and beyond. The majority of PEV charging occurs at home, followed by work and public stations. FCEVs are almost always charged at public hydrogen fueling stations. Both models offer unique advantages when compared to conventional gasoline or diesel fueling, and GO-Biz strives to play to the strengths of each technology.

Contact the ZEV Unit for more information.

At GO-Biz, the ZEV Infrastructure Unit serves as a point of contact for statewide infrastructure development and works closely with lead state agencies to advance the ZEV market. Among the services that we provide, our unit:

  • Coordinates state efforts on ZEV infrastructure
  • Crafts strategies, in collaboration with public and private partners, to accelerate ZEV infrastructure deployment
  • Tracks and expedites the development of Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) charging and hydrogen fueling stations throughout the state
  • Strives to map our state's ZEV supply chain and identify areas for further business engagement and growth in California

California has made significant strides in developing ZEV infrastructure, but much more remains to be done. Expanding access to convenient charging and fueling infrastructure will provide the foundation for ZEV market growth in coming years.

PEV Charging Infrastructure Progress

California’s PEV charging infrastructure landscape consists of three classes of chargers:

  • Level 1 Chargers: 2 to 5 miles of range per hour of charging
  • Level 2 Chargers: 10 to 20 miles of range per hour of charging
  • DC Fast Chargers: 50 to 70 miles of range per 20 minutes of charging

These chargers are dispersed throughout homes, workplaces, and various public locations. While home charging remains the dominant form of charging, the network of PEV charging stations available outside of the home is fundamental to market expansion and PEV utility. This external network continues to grow and support trips throughout the state. PEV drivers currently navigate these stations using a variety of tools designed to communicate a station's existence and availability. 

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Alternative Fuels Data Center is a comprehensive database that shows station locations and types, but not growth over time. GO-Biz is working with stakeholders to define and communicate progress on a statewide level.

Hydrogen Station Progress

FCEV drivers currently have access to retail hydrogen stations that enable travel between and around Los Angeles, Orange County, Santa Barbara, Sacramento, the San Francisco Bay Area and Lake Tahoe. These stations dispense fuel at approximately 100 miles per minute, enabling a single station to service multiple FCEVs. Network progress is summarized below. Please refer to our Hydrogen Station Permitting Guidebook (PDF) for information and best practices for hydrogen station development, and to the California Fuel Cell Partnership Station Map for a geographic view of network progress. 

California’s hydrogen supply chain reflects a highly extensive and elaborate network of connections that involves various stakeholders and technologies. Through California's Hydrogen Supply Chain Analysis, GO-Biz identified the major players, infrastructural elements, and business connections – both active and potential – that exist within this maturing economy.

California’s PEV economy continues to rapidly grow and evolve. We are actively engaged with stakeholders throughout the supply chain, and we are eager to continue expanding the supplier base within the state. 

There are funding and financing opportunities for ZEV infrastructure at state and local levels in California. If you are aware of additional opportunities, contact the ZEV Unit for more information.

State Funding Opportunities

  • California Energy Commission – Grant Funding Opportunities 
    Through the Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program, the California Energy Commission provides funding for ZEV infrastructure (both EV charging and hydrogen fueling stations). Up to $100 million is available per year for projects that will “transform California’s fuel and vehicle types to help attain the state’s climate change policies.” For 2015-2016, the California Energy Commission plans to provide approximately $20 million in funding for the development of hydrogen fueling stations and $17 million in grants for the development of EV charging infrastructure. Visit the California Energy Commission to subscribe to their email list to receive notifications regarding the release of contract notices and solicitations or view the Request for Proposals, Contracts, and Solicitations information. 
  • California State Treasurer’s Office – Sales and Use Tax Exclusion Program
    The California Alternative Energy and Advanced Transportation Financing Authority provides a sales and use tax exclusion for advanced manufacturers and manufacturers of alternative energy source and advanced transportation products, components, or systems.
  • California State Treasurer's Office – Electric Vehicle Charging Station Financing Program
    The California Pollution Control Financing Authority offers loans for the design, development, purchase, and installation of EV charging stations at small business locations in California. The maximum enrolled loan amount is $500,000 per qualified borrower. 
  • California Infrastructure and Economic Development Bank – Infrastructure State Revolving Fund Loan Program
    The Infrastructure State Revolving Fund Loan Program provides financing to public agencies and non-profit corporations for a wide variety of infrastructure and economic development projects. Funding is available in amounts ranging from $50,000 to $25,000,000, with loan terms of up to 30 years. Financing applications are continuously accepted.
  • Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) Program
  • The Low Carbon Fuel Standard is designed to encourage the use of cleaner low-carbon fuels in California, encourage the production of those fuels, and thereby reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This market-based system allows the generation and sale of LCFS credits. Electricity and hydrogen fuel sales have the potential to generate economically attractive revenues. 

Local Funding Opportunities

Related State Financing Opportunities

  • California Infrastructure and Economic Development Bank – Statewide Energy Efficiency Program
    The California Lending for Energy and Environmental Needs Center administers the Statewide Energy Efficiency Program, which finances state and local governments to pursue approved energy efficiency projects. The program targets clean energy projects such as generation, distribution, transmission and storage of electrical energy, energy conservation measures, environmental mitigation measures, and water treatment and distribution. The Statewide Energy Efficiency Program extends financing arrangements through a direct loan from the California Infrastructure and Economic Development Bank and/or public market tax-exempt bonds.
  • California Infrastructure and Economic Development Bank – Exempt Facility Revenue Bond Program The Exempt Facility Revenue Bond Program provides tax-exempt financing for projects that are government-owned or consist of private improvements within publicly-owned facilities
  • California Energy Commission – Energy Efficiency Financing
    Through its Energy Efficiency Financing Program, the California Energy Commission extends loans to institutions for projects that aspire to achieve energy savings. The associated interest rate (0-1%) depends on the type of institution requesting the loan. The maximum loan amount is $3 million per application.
  • California Energy Commission – Electric Program Investment Charge Program
    Through its Electric Program Investment Charge Program, the California Energy Commission funds applied research and development, technology demonstration and deployment, and market facilitation to create new energy solutions, foster regional innovation, and bring clean energy ideas to the marketplace.

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About Us

The Governor’s Office of Business and Economic Development (GO-Biz) was created by Governor Edmund G. Brown Jr. to serve as California’s single point of contact for economic development and job creation efforts.  GO-Biz partnered with the State's Information Technology Leadership Academy 22 to create this website.